Vitamins and their Scientific name

Chemical Name of Vitamins

What is Vitamins

Vitamins are chemical molecules that the human body need in little amounts to maintain a variety of important functions and general health. They are essential in functions like metabolism, immunological function, and cell proliferation.

Classification of Vitamins

Vitamins are divided into two groups based on their solubility in water or fat:

1. Water-Soluble Vitamins: These vitamins dissolve in water and are not significantly stored in the body. Any excess is normally expelled in the form of urine. Among the water-soluble vitamins are: Vitamin B Complex and Vitamin C.

2. Fat-Soluble Vitamins: These vitamins are fat-soluble and are kept in the body’s fatty tissues. Excessive consumption can result in hazardous levels due to storage. Among the fat-soluble vitamins are: Vitamin A, D, E and K.

Scientific Name of Vitamins

Common Name

Chemical Name

Food Source

Vitamin A


Mango, Papaya, Bathua Leaves and Carrot

Vitamin B1


Cashew nut, Walnut, Almond, Palak and Pea

Vitamin B2


Bael, Papaya, Cashewnut, Pineapple, Palak, Chillies, Fenugreek leaves

Vitamin B3

Nicotinic Acid / Niacin

Litchi, Palak and Amarathus leaves

Vitamin B5

Pantothenic Acid

Brewer's yeast, corn, cauliflower, kale, broccoli, tomatoes, avocado, legumes, lentils

Vitamin B6


Summer squash, bell peppers, turnip greens, shiitake mushrooms, and spinach.

Vitamin B7


Avocado, bread, broccoli, cauliflower, cheeses, chicken, fish, legumes, mushrooms, nuts, pork, potatoes, and spinach

Vitamin B9

Folic Acid

Citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables, legumes, beets

Vitamin B12

Cyanocobalamin / Cobalamin

meat, fruit and vegetables

Vitamin C

Ascorbic acid

Barbados cherry, aonla, guava, citrus fruits, drumstick leaves, coriander leaves, chillies and broccoli

Vitamin D

Cholecalciferol / Calciferol

Vitamin-D is synthesized by the body through sunlight

Vitamin E


Sweet corn and Oil seed crop are rich source of Vitamin E

Vitamin K

Phylloquinone / Phytonadione

Tomatoes, broccoli, mangoes, grapes, chestnuts, and cashew nuts

Read Also

Scientific Name of Fruits

Scientific Name of Vegetables

Cereals Scientific Name

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