1st Incidence in Horticulture – AgriBooks

1st Incidence in Horticulture

All 1st Incidence in Horticulture with one liners


    1. 1st Intergeneric Hybrid b/w Radish & Cabbage by Karpechenko in 1927 in Russia
    2. 1st Proposed “Ideotype” by Donald in 1968
    3. 1st coined “Homeostasis” by Lerner in 1954
    4. 1st suggested Use of Synthetic Hybrid in Commercial Cultivation in maize – Hayes and Garber in 1919
    5. 1st Discovered CMS in Onion – 1925 for Seed Production
    6. 1st Rank in Productivity of Garlic – Egypt
    7. 1st Indigenous variety of Leek – Palam Paushtik
    8. 1st time Reported Heterosis in carrot – Poole in 1937
    9. 1st Discovered Petaloid Cytoplasm known as Cornell Petaloid by Munger in 1953
    10. 1st Reported Petaloid Anther CMS in Cv. “Cornell Wild”
    11. 1st Pineapple Hybrid in India – Amritha (Kew X Ripley Queen) by Pineapple Research Centre , KAU, Thrissur
    12. 1st Coined the term ‘’Papaya Ring Spot’’ by Jensen
    13. 1st reported Heterosis in papaya cross b/w- Philippines X Solo by Dai (1960)
    14. 1st Recorded PRSV (aphids)- Western India in 1958
    15. 1st Noticed PDSD in Avocado – Nirody in 1922
    16. 1st Reported PDSD in Avocado – Bregh in 1969
    17. 1st Processed Fruit in human civilization – Fig
    18. 1st fruit preserved by Drying – Fig
    19. 1st Plant cultivated, 1st Food of Man, 1st Fruit offered to Babies –Banana
    20. 1st Banana Breeding Work was Started in Imperial College of Agriculture Trinidad in 1922
    21. 1st Time Cv. Basrai introduced at GFE Station, Pune 1924
    22. 1st Reported “Stooling” method in 1954 in Guava
    23. 1st Research Station on Apple in 1917 – East Malling Research Station, Kent, England ; 2nd- The John Innes Centre of Merton , London
    24. 1st Book in Horticulture – Fruit Growing India by W.B.Hayes(1945)- Litchi
    25. 1st President of Horticulture Society of India – G.S.Cheema
    26. 1st Indian Horticulture Congress held – 2004
    27. 1st Regional Fruit Research station in UP – Sharanpur
    28. 1st Truly Anti-coagulant Rodenticide – Warfarin
    29. 1st Indigenously developed fungicide – Contaf by Rallis
    30. 1st Folic acid is found in Spinach Leaves
    31. 1st Agricultural Chemist of ICAR – J.W.Leather
    32. 1st micronutrient discovered – Fe
    33. 1st Fertilizer used – Calcium Nitrate
    34. 1st ammonia plant was established in 1913 by Fritz Haber and Carp Bosch (Germany)
    35. 1st soilless cultivation introduced in Kalimpong, Darjeeling, West Bengal
    36. 1st crop raised in Hydroponics is Tomato cv. Pipo (1973)
    37. 1st Biosphere Reserve in India is Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve
    38. 1st Gene Sanctuary for conservation of Citrus Spp. Citrus Gene Sanctuary (NOKREK Biosphere Reserve)- Meghalaya
    39. 1st Haploid induction was developed by Guha and Mageshwari in 1966 – Datura innoxia
    40. 1st Successful embryo culture Cherry embryo (1993)
    41. 1st Molecular marker RFLP (1980)
    42. 1st concept of Genetic map was presented by Alfred H. Sturtevant 1913
    43. 1st Genetic map was published in 1911 by T.H.Morgan
    44. 1st Tagged QTL in plants: fw2.2 (fruit wt in tomato)
    45. 1st Bacterial Genome Sequenced – Haemophilus influenza
    46. 1st Multicellular Organism Sequenced – Caenorhabditis elegans
    47. 1st Plant Sequenced – Arabidopsis thaliana
    48. 1st Crop Plant Sequenced – Rice
    49. 1st Non-Grassy Plant Sequenced – Banana
    50. 1st Sequenced fruit – Grapes
    51. 1st Genetic Engineering Company – GENETECH (1976)
    52. 1st Transgenic Plant – Tobacco in 1983 by Belgium Biotech Company
    53. 1st Transgenic Variety – “Flavr Savr’’ (Tomato) Calgene Company -> Enhanced Vase of life
    54. 1st Apple orchard is 1870 by Captain lee
    55. 1st HDP – Apple ->England 1960
    56. 1st Planted kiwi – Lal bagh , Bangalore
    57. 1st Mango Introduction to USA (1833) from Brazil
    58. 1st Consignment of Mango Cvs. export to Japan : Langra & chausa
    59. 1st The word “Mangifera” was used by Bontius in 1658
    60. 1st to Emphasize Importance of Floral characters in mango classification – Hartless 1913
    61. 1st to classify varieties based on Fruit characters, Panicle Axis colour, Pubescence on panicle and No. of Embryo in seeds – Popenoe(1932)
    62. 1st Initiated Inter-varietal Hybridization in mango – Burns and Prayag in 1911 at Poona
    63. 1st Observed Spongy tissue – G.S.Cheema & Dhani in 1934
    64. 1st Observed Internal Fruit Necrosis – Sant Ram in 1972
    65. 1st Observed Black Tip– Woodhouse in 1909
    66. 1st Observed Mango Malformation – Dharbanga, Bihar by maries in 1891
    67. 1st Country to exploit International Trade in cashew Kernals – India1st Wooly Aphid Resistant Variety – Merton-793
    68. 1st Apple Cultivar of known Parentage was Developed by T.A.Knight
    69. 1st Discovered Bacterial Disease of Plants Erwinia amylovora introduced from England in 1940
    70. 1st Commercial Self-fertile Variety of Sweet cherry – Stella
    71. 1st Fruit Crop Micro-propagation Studied – Strawberry
    72. 1st Systematic strawberry breeding project started in England in 1817 using F.cholonensis clones
    73. 1st Triploid variety of Loquat – Kibou
    74. 1st Reported Granulation in citrus in California
    75. 1st Reported Citrus Greening – India
    76. 1st Observed – Canker at Dehradun in 1831 from USA
    77. 1st Citrus Fruit Variety Patented – Ruby (Bud sport of Thompson and Deep Red Fleshed)
    78. 1st Time cultivation of Sapota in Maharashtra in 1898 in Gholwad village
    79. 1st Commodity in which grading and marketing rules was made – Grapes
    80. 1st Central Vegetable Breeding station – katrain, kullu valley , HP
    81. 1st Project Coordinator of Vegetable – Dr.Vishnu swarup
    82. 1st Project Director of IIVR – Dr.Gowtham kalloo
    83. 1st Mention of Hybrid seeds in seed catalogue – 1945, USA
    84. 1st F1 hybrid in Public sector: Pusa meghdoot, Pusa manjari 1971 by IARI
    85. 1st F1 hybrid released in 1973 : Tomato(Karnataka), Capsicum (Bharat) by IAHS,Bangalore
    86. 1st Report of hybrid vigor of chilli – 1933 from IARI by Deshpande
    87. 1st Use of polyethylene as a Greenhouse cover– 1948 by Emery Mayers Emmert
    88. 1st Rank in Grafted Vegetable Country – Japan (81%) followed by Korea (54%)
    89. 1st Reported SI- J.G.Koelreuter in Verbascum phoenicum
    90. 1st Discovered CGMS by Jonnes and Davis (1944)
    91. 1st Reported GCMS by Jonnes and Emsweller in onion Cv. Italian Red
    92. 1st F1 Hybrid in Celery using CMS : Green Giant (1982), Taki Seed Company, Japan
    93. 1st Employed Pure line selection by Johannsen :To improve seed weight in French Bean
    94. 1st to Produce Single Cross Hybrid in Maize : Shull and Double Cross by D.F.Jones
    95. 1st Reported Heterosis in Tomato by Hedrick and Booth in 1907
    96. 1st Report of Hybrid vigor in brinjal -Nagai and kida (1926)
    97. 1st Interspecific Hybrid b/w Sweet William and Carnation by Thomas Fairchild in 1717
    98. 1st Intergeneric Hybridization b/w Bread Wheat and Rye by Rimpu in 1890
    99. 1st Reported Brown Anther CMS in Cv. “Tender Sweet” by Welch and Grimbell in 1947
    100. 1st Carrot fly Resistant Variety : Flyaway in 1993
    101. 1st Black Coloured Variety of Carrot India : Pusa Asita
    102. 1st Temperate Hybrid Developed Using CMS : Pusa Nayanjyoti-
    103. 1st Orange coloured temperate hybrid from public sector
    104. 1st Public Sector Hybrid Using CMS is : Pusa Vasudha
    105. 1st Genetically Improved Variety of EFY in the world is Sree Athira
    106. 1st Genetically Improved Variety of Taro – Sree Kiran
    107. 1st Reported SI in Cole Crops by Bateman(1954)
    108. 1st Cabbage Hybrid – Nagoka in Japan(1951)
    109. 1st CMS based F1 Hybrid in Cauliflower– KTH-27
    110. 1st Reported Male Sterility in Radish-Ogura 1968 in Japanese Radish Type
    111. 1st Purple Fleshed Radish Variety is Pusa Sagarika
    112. 1st Hybrid of Knol-khol : Roggli
    113. 1st Sequenced vegetable crop – Cucumber
    114. 1st Gynoecious line of Cucumber is- M.SU. 713-5 (Shogoin X Wisconsin SMR 18) developed by C.E.Peterson(1960)
    115. 1st Gynoecious Hybrid in cucumber :Pusa Sanyog in 1971
    116. 1st Tropical Cucumber Hybrid – Phule Prachi by MPKV, Rahuri
    117. 1st Extra Early Parthenocarpic variety of cucumber – pusa Seedless
    118. 1st True Mini Watermelon Cultivar : New Hampshire Midget Developed by A.F.Yeager
    119. 1st Fusarium Wilt Resistant Watermelon – Conquerer Developed by W.A.Orton
    120. 1st Horticultural Classification of Melons – Naudin(1859); Modified by Munger and Robinson (1991)
    121. 1st F1 Hybrid of Muskmelon– Punjab hybrid (MS-1 X Hara Madhu) in 1984-Resistant to PM
    122. 1st Muskmelon Variety Grown under Net-house in N.Indian Plains – Pusa Sarda
    123. 1st Early Maturing variety of Round melon – Pusa Raunak
    124. 1st Early Maturing variety of Long melon – Pusa Utkarsh
    125. 1st Hybrid of Pointed Gourd – CHES Hybrid-1(Resistant to Fruit Fly)
    126. 1st Improved Variety of Ash Gourd – Pusa Ujjwal(Petha Preparation)
    127. 1st Inter-varietal Hybrid of Greater Yam – Shree Shilpa
    128. 1st Coleus Variety Grown in Kerala – Shree Dhara
    129. 1st Report of Enation Leaf Curl Virus(Vector : White Fly) – IIHR
    130. 1st Machine-Harvestable Tomato cultivar was developed by G.C.Hanna
    131. 1st Male sterility in tomato was reported by C.M.Rick
    132. 1st Tomato Resistant Cv. Pan America
    133. 1st Triple disease resistant variety of Tomato – Arka Rakshak
    134. 1st Hybrid of Tomato available cultivation in 1973
    135. 1st Root Knot Nematode Resistant variety of Tomato: Sel-120
    136. 1st Report of Heterosis in Brinjal : Kakisaki (1931)
    137. 1st Male Sterility in Brinjal : Jasmin (1954)
    138. 1st Functional Male Sterile Line in Brinjal: UGA1-MS (Cv. Florida High Bush), Pathak and Jaworski (1989)
    139. 1st Reported Little Leaf of Brinjal : Thomas and Krishnaswamy
    140. 1st Discovered CMS in Chilli by Peterson in PI164835
    141. 1st President of Central Potato Research Institute – Dr. S.Ramanujan
    142. 1st International Flower Auction Centre was launched in Bangalore
    143. 1st Rank Foliage Plant in Global Market- Dieffenbachia
    144. 1st Rank Cut Flower in Global Market – Rose
    145. 1st Rank Pot Plant in Global Market – Hedera
    146. 1st Rank Dry Flower in Global Market – Helichrysum
    147. 1st Rank Cut Green in Global Market – Asparagus
    148. 1st Hybrid in Ornamentals : “Primma Donna” in Begonia semperflorens in 1909 by Benery Seed Company, Germany
    149. 1st Evidence of Ornamental Tree, The pipal (Ficus rugosa) comes from Mohan-Jo-Daro
    150. 1st World (world’s 1st) Vertica Forest – Bosco Verticale in Milan
    151. 1st Islamic garden in India was Developed by Feros shah
    152. 1st Mughal garden was developed by Baber at Agra Called “Ram Bagh”
    153. 1st Tomb garden made in India : Humayun’s Tomb
    154. 1st Garden made by Akbar : Fatehpur Sikri (Agra); 2nd at Sikandra (Agra)
    155. 1st Botanical garden in Tropics was at Pamplemousses at Mauritius(1735); 2nd Kolkata botanical garden (1787) (Note: Both gardens are Informal Type (i.e) English garden style)
    156. 1st Botanical Garden in world was at Padua, Venice, Italy in 1543
    157. 1st Professional floral designer’s : Greek
    158. 1st Century A.D Topiary was started
    159. 1st Bio-Aesthetically planned City : Chandigarh
    160. 1st Reference of Rose Perfume : “Charaka Samhita”
    161. .1st Bonsai Garden : Kamala Nehru Park
    162. 1st Colchicine Induced Tetraploid synthetic species of Day lily is Hamerocallis washingtonia
    163. 1st Imported Anthuriums are Pastel Coloured
    164. 1st widely cultivated Anthurium Pot Plant : Anthurium scherzerianum
    165. 1st Chrysanthemum known to USA – “Dark Purple” Imported by a Scientist John Stevens in 1798
    166. 1st African Marigold Variety : Climax and Toreador
    167. 1st Introduction of Dahlia in 1857 by Agri-Horticultural Society of India,Kolkata
    168. 1st Gerbera was discovered by R.Jemson in South Africa in the year 1878
    169. 1st Flower grown in space : Zinnia
    170. 1st cultivar of Carnation : Souvenir La Malmaison in 1857
    171. 1st Indian company to grow carnations in International standards – FEROZE and also to be registered at VBA
    172. 1st GM floriculture crop having Violet Blue colour variety – Moonlight(carnation)
    173. 1st person to grow gladiolus in India : Mr. Charles Gray
    174. 1st fragrant variety of gladiolus : Lucky Star (2n=40;Bigeneric)
    175. 1st smoky variety of gladiolus : Prince of India
    176. 1st chemical used to break corm dormancy: Ethylene Chlorohydrin by Denny(1938)
    177. 1st In vitro propagation of gladiolus : Ziv et al., (1970)
    178. 1st species of Bougainvillea introduced in India : B.spectabilis
    179. 1st Dwarf Tenera(Dura x Pisifera) from Nigerian germplasm collection: Indian Dwarf
    180. 1st Industrial park for rubber and rubber wood based industries : Kerala
    181. 1st Fortified tea with vitamin A,B2,Niacin : “Brooke Bond A1” by Hindustan Lever Limited
    182. 1st Consignment of Assam was sent to London in 1839
    183. 1st Auction centre of tea in India- Kolkata in 1861
    184. 1st World (World’s 1st) Tea Company : The Assam Company
    185. 1st step of tea processing is ‘withering’
    186. 1st Pepper research scheme was initiated by Govt. of Madras at Panniyur
    187. 1st AGMARK specification formulated for Curry powder in 1956
    188. 1st Spice park in India – Chhindwara, M.P
    189. 1st Fruit product research laboratory in India : Kodur
    190. 1st Fruit &Vegetable Processing Industry in India : Mumbai (1935)
    191. 1st Fruit Preservation & Canning Institute : Lucknow (1949)
    192. 1st carotenoid pigment was found in Carrot
    193. 1st Bioagent for controlling Post Harvest Diseases : Bacillus subtillis
    194. 1st Commercial flexible film : Cellophane
    195. 1st Synthetic colour : Coaltar
    196. 1st Fruit harvested by machine : Cranberry
    197. 1st British Patent on canning of foods in tin container was received by Peter Durand in 1810
    198. 1st Bougainvillea variety by S. Persy Lancaster in India : Scarlet Queen (1920)
    199. 1st Orchid Bletia purpurea(1731) was grown by Peter Collinson
    200. 1st Artificial hybrid of Orchid Calanthe domini (C.mausacata x C.frucata) by Dr. J.Dominy (1852)
    201. 1st Ornamental Orchid : Cypripedium reginae
    202. 1st Bigeneric hybrid of Orchid : Phaius gradiflorus X Calanthe vesita
    203. 1st Sexageneric hybrid of Orchid : ‘Brilliendeara Gary’ registered in 1982
    204. 1st Meristem tip culture in Orchid is Cymbidium Sp. by Morel (1960)
    205. 1st Tissue culture in Orchids was done by ‘Morel’
    206. 1st Tissue culture laboratory for Orchids by A.V.Thomas in 1984
    207. 1st hybrid of Snapdragon(Antirrhinum majus) – Christmus Cheer
    208. 1st consignment of Rose was sent by IARI to Paris, Rotterdam and Furkfurt in 1959
    209. 1st World’s (World’s 1st) blue rose : Applause
    210. 1st HT Rose : La France by Gulliot (1867)
    211. 1st HT Yellow Rose : Soleild
    212. 1st Hybrid Perpetual: Princess Helene
    213. 1st Floribunda : Rodhatte by Poulsen (1912)
    214. 1st Grandiflora : Buccaneer (1952)
    215. 1st Polyantha : La paquerette (1875)
    216. 1st Rose variety by Dr.B.P.Pal is Sherbet
    217. 1st Indian Rose breeder who raised Cv. Dr.S.D.Mukherjee in 1935 by B.K.Roy Choudhary
    218. 1st Climate controlled green houses established in India by Indo-American Hybrid Seed Company in 1965
    219. 1st Chief scientific officer of UPASI(valparai) – Dr. W.S.Shaw
    220. 1st Tea Research Station : Jorhat (1904)
    221. 1st Rank in Tea production : China
    222. 1st Report on Hybrid vigor or Heterosis in Coconut : J.H.Patel in 1937
    223. 1st observed Coconut root wilt in 1882
    224. 1st appeared Tatipaka disease of Coconut in Tatipaka village of East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh in 1949
    225. 1st Fruit &Vegetable processing started in 1857
    226. 1st Explained cause of spoilage of stored food – Needham(1749)
    227. 1st to describe canning method : Saddington(1807)
    228. 1st Described Hypobaric storage by Burg and Burg (1966)
    229. 1st Rank state under Drip Irrigation: Andhra Pradesh (2017)
    230. 1st Rank state under Sprinkler Irrigation: Rajasthan (2017)
    231. 1st Rank in Milk Production: India
    232. 1st Rank state under Irrigation Coverage % – Punjab (98.7%)
    233. 1st Rank state under Cropping Intensity % – Punjab (190.8%)
    234. 1st Rank state under Fertilizer use – Punjab (249kg/ha)
    235. 1st Rank state under Credit – 2,18,339 Rs/ha
    236. 1st Rank state under Land holding – Nagaland (5.06/ha)
    237. 1st Rank state under AMFFRI – Maharastra
    238. 1st Indigenous bred Bio-fortified for beta carotene variety Pusa Betakesari developed by IARI
    239. 1st Rank state under rice production: West Bengal
    240. 1st International Okra Workshop at NBPGR, Newdelhi 1990
    241. 1st To develop Heat tolerant cabbages by Japanese Breeders varieties (i.e) KK cross & KY cross – popular in SE Asia
    242. 1st YVMV tolerant variety : Pusa Sawani
    243. 1st Improved varieties of Potato started releasing from the year 1958 (i.e.,)Kufri kishan, K.kuber,K.Kumar
    244. 1st In vitro culture of Pepper : Smith & Heiser (1957)
    245. 1st DG of ICAR : B.P.Pal (He initiated AICRP’s)
    246. 1st Director of IARI : Dr.B.Vishwanath
    247. 1st Inter-specific hybrid of cotton is Varalaxmi cross b/w G.hirsutum X G.barbadence – released from UAS,Dharwad
    248. 1st Hybrid of hirsutum – Maru vikas/raj in Rajasthan
    249. 1st AICRP – Maize (1957)
    250. 1st NRC-Groundnut Junagarh, Gujarat
    251. 1st Agricultural University in India – G.B.Pant,Pantnagar, Uttarakhand (On the pattern of Land Grant system of USA)
    252. 1st KVK was started : Pondicherry (1974) – Recommendation of Mohan Singh Mehta
    253. 1st Chairman of National Commission on Farmers – Dr. M.S.Swaminathan
    254. 1st position in Transgenic Plants : USA
    255. 1st Hybrid Rice developed by China (Prof. Long PingYuan) in 1974
    256. 1st Mustard hybrid NRC-HB-506 by DRMR (Directorate of Rapeseed and Mustard Research, Bharatpur,Rajasthan)
    257. 1st Rice variety introduced in India is TN-1 (1964-65)
    258. 1st man made cereal : Triticale
    259. 1st product of Urea hydrolysis : Ammonium Carbamate
    260. 1st weed biologically controlled : Lantana Camara
    261. 1st country to develop Pearl millet hybrid – (HB-1(Tift-23A x Bil 3B)from Ludhiana in 1965)- India
    262. 1st Rank in sugar production and consumption-India
    263. 1st Indian Rice variety – Jaya (TN-1 X Type 141) developed by Dr.shastry
    264. 1st time the words “Weeds”& “Zero tillage” used by Jethro tull
    265. 1st person to attempt “climate: based on vegetation” – De candolle(1900 A.D)
    266. 1st High yielding dwarf variety developed in the world is IR-8(Dee-Gee-Woo-Gen X Peta) by IRRI in 1966
    267. 1st hybrid basmati in the world – PRH-10
    268. 1st nematode reported to cause damage on mushroom Ditylenchus myceliophagus
    269. 1st time Ribosome was reported by palade(1953)
    270. 1st RNA was synthesized by S.Ochoa in 1969
    271. 1st mutation was defined by Hugi De varies
    272. 1st described Mitotic cell division by van Beneden in 1883 in Round worm
    273. 1st described Chromosome by Strausberger in 1875
    274. 1st term Chromosome was used by Waldeyer in 1888
    275. 1st hybrid rice variety in India – CORH-1
    276. 1st reported Khaira disease in rice (nursery stage)- Y.L.Nene in 1966 at pantnagar, Uttarkhand
    277. 1st time wheat introduced in India by Norman Ernst Borlaug(Mexico)
    278. 1st time in India four double cross hybrid was released (i.e.,) Ganga-1,Ganga-101,Deccan and Ranjeet
    279. 1st Male sterile line of Pearl Millet is Tift-23A
    280. 1st Inter-specific hybridization in bajra – Pusa Napier-1(P.purpureum X P.glauccum)
    281. 1st Sorghum hybrid- CSH-1
    282. 1st Spinning variety of Egyptian cotton (G.barbadence) – Sujata
    283. 1st Commercial cotton hybrid (Intra hirsutum) –H-4(G -67 X American Nectorless) by C.T.Patel of GAU, Surat in 1970
    284. 1st case of Cytoplasmic Inheritance– Four O clock plant (Mirablis jalaba) was reported by Correns in 1909
    285. 1st stable product in Calvin Cycle is PGA
    286. 1st & common stage in respiration is called as Glycolysis or EMP pathway
    287. 1st step of summarizing data is classification
    288. 1st central moment is always Zero
    289. 1st used the term Regression by Francis Galton
    290. 1st Chi-square test was used by Karl Pearson (1900)
    291. 1st In vitro fertilized Buffalo calf is Pratham
    292. 1st year canes of blackberry is called as primocanes
    293. 1st formal citrus breeding programme was started by USDA in Florida in 1893
    294. 1st Indication regarding the presence of citrus in china by the book ‘Tribute of Yu’
    295. 1st description of Citron with the name of ‘Kuo han’
    296. 1st Citrus fruit known to Europeans is Citron
    297. 1st literacy mention of lemon as well as sour orange in Arabian language is ‘The Book of Nabatian Agricuture’
    298. 1st hybrid rice variety in India – CORH-1
    299. 1st reported Khaira disease in rice (nursery stage)- Y.L.Nene in 1966 at pantnagar, Uttarkhand
    300. 1st time wheat introduced in India by Norman Ernst Borlaug(Mexico)
    301. 1st time in India four double cross hybrid was released (i.e.,) Ganga-1,Ganga-101,Deccan and Ranjeet
    302. 1st Male sterile line of Pearl Millet is Tift-23A
    303. 1st Inter-specific hybridization in bajra – Pusa Napier-1(P.purpureum X P.glauccum)
    304. 1st Sorghum hybrid- CSH-1
    305. 1st Spinning variety of Egyptian cotton (G.barbadence) – Sujata
    306. 1st Commercial cotton hybrid (Intra hirsutum) –H-4(G -67 X American Nectorless) by C.T.Patel of GAU, Surat in 1970
    307. 1st Variety of Mustard developed by V.L.Chopra, biotechnological somatic hybridization Pusa Jai Kisan
    308. 1st Tobacco variety in India is GTH-1
    309. 1st report on Congress Grass( Parthenium hysterophorus) in pune it was Controlled by Zygrogamma biocolorata introduced in 1983 from Mexico
    310. 1st Irrigation of crop is known as “Kor watering”; Depth applied in 1st watering is known as “Kor Depth”
    311. 1st manufactured fertilizer in India is SSP
    312. 1st country to introduce Zero tillage is USA
    313. 1st Antibiotic Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Flemming in 1929
    314. 1st stage of water erosion is Splash
    315. 1st stage of movement of soil particles in series of jump is known as Saltation
    316. 1st seedless mango variety in the world Sindhu (Ratna X Alphanso)
    317. 1st dwarf pea variety : Aparna/HFP-4
    318. 1st development of photostable pyrethroid – Permethrin
    319. 1st Discovered pulse beetle : China
    320. 1st Microscope was developed by Anton van leeuwen hoek (1675) – Father of Microbiology
    321. 1st Bacterial etiology of anthrax disease discovered by Robert Koch (1876)
    322. 1st report on Double stranded DNA in Cauliflower Mosaic Virus – Sheperd et al.,(1968)
    323. 1st Scientist collected and identified fungi in India K.R.Kritikar
    324. 1st discovery of Copper sulphate by prevost in 1807 used against bunt of wheat
    325. 1st systemic fungicide Carboxin was developed by Van Schmeing and Kulka in 1966
    326. 1st Solar energy treatment to control loose smut of wheat developed by Luthra & Sattar in 1934
    327. 1st Journal of Nematology in the world is Nematologia
    328. 1st Experimented CS-2 for control of sugar beet cyst nematode is Kuhn
    329. 1st report on virus transmission by nematode (Xiphinema index) transmission of grape fan leaf viral disease in USA by Hewitt, Raskhi & Goheen
    330. 1st reported PPN RKN infesting in tea in Kerala by Barber
    331. 1st time Indian Journal of Nematology Published in 1971
    332. 1st report Ear cockle nematode : J.T.Needham,1743
    333. 1st Report of Golden Cyst Nematode (Globodera rostrochinensis) in India by FGW Jones in 1961 from Nilgiri hills, Tamil Nadu
    334. 1st King who encouraged Arboriculture is King Asoka
    335. 1st Botanist adopted Linnaeus system of binomial nomenclature – Roxburgh
    336. 1st medicinal plant mentioned in ancient tamil literature is Margosa or Neem
    337. 1st ARS was started in the year 1973 & M.S.Swaminathan is the first director general secretary of the Govt. of India
    338. 1st plum cultivar comes in market – Titron
    339. 1st Temperate fruit crop comes to market – Cherry
    340. 1st fruit preserved by canning – Pineapple
    341. 1st Tea was introduced by – Robert kyd
    342. 1st Transgenic fruit crop – Walnut
    343. 1st Successful Transgenic fruit crop – Pear
    344. 1st Successful Transgenic fruit crop being commercially used – Papaya
    345. 1st Transgenic variety of papaya – Rainbow
    346. 1st Agricultural commodity exported from India – Grapes
    347. 1st Hybrid in mango- Prabha Shankar(1946)
    348. 1st Hybrid in mango by IARI – Mallika(1971)
    349. 1st Domesticated fruit – Fig
    350. 1st variety of Litchi – Swarna Roopa
    351. 1st Citrus granulation was seen by Bartholomew in 1934
    352. 1st Auxin was discovered by F.W.Went in 1926
    353. 1st Fruit artificially pollinated : Date Palm
    354. 1st Country in the consumption of vegetable is Greece 377kg
    355. 1st Apple scab resistant variety – Prima
    356. 1st time Penetrometer was used for determination of fruit firmness is Peach
    357. 1st Agricultural minister of independent India : Rajendra Prasad
    358. 1st description of sour orange was given by Albertus Marginus(1193-1280)
    359. 1st European country to grow the small loose skinned mandarin was England
    360. 1st time the pummelo was described in Jamaica by Sloane (1696)
    361. 1st The fruit was mentioned time by Griffith Hughes in his The Natural History of Barbados (1750); he writes of a forbidden fruit.
    362. 1st descriptions and classifications of citrus species and varieties date back to the 17th century
    363. 1st the word ‘’Watermelon” appeared in the dictionary in early 1600s
    364. 1st seedless watermelon developed by Kihara (1951)
    365. 1st time the word “Heterosis” was used by Shull in 1914
    366. 1st Single seed decent method was proposed by Goulden
    367. 1st Technique to detect the polymorphism at DNA sequence level is RFLP
    368. 1st World’s pepper hybrid Panniyur-1(Uthirankotta X Cheriyakaniakkadan) in 1971
    369. 1st introduction of rubber from Brazil in 1873
    370. 1st introduction of cinchona from Peru into Nilgiris hills in 1860
    371. 1st introduction of coffee into India by Muslims in 1700
    372. 1st apomixis discovered by Leuwenhock in 1719
    373. 1st cocoa was brought to India in 1798
    374. 1st introduction of cashew from Portuguese in 16th century
    375. 1st germplasm collection of oil palm was established at Nigerian Institute of Oil-Palm Research(NIOPR) during 1961-1964
    376. 1st betel vine variety released by TNAU is SGM-1
    377. 1st commercial production of contraceptive pills –Diosgenin from Dioscorea
    378. 1st commercial level production of plantlets in spice crops was achieved in Cardamom
    379. 1st largest seed spice is Corriander
    380. 1st wilt resistant variety of cumin is Gujarat cumin-1
    381. 1st cultivated food plant in France is celery in 1623
    382. 1st Quality vanilla is Bourbon like vanilla : Mexican vanilla
    383. 1st time Vanillin (C8H8O3) was isolated by Globley
    384. 1st grade of saffron is called Shahi saffron
    385. 1st viroid disease is Spindle tuber disease of potato
    386. 1st Nitrate fertilizer Sodium Nitrate
    387. 1st mention of potato in India in 1615 A.D
    388. 1st time rice transplanting in ancient literature is Kashyapa
    389. 1st case of Cytoplasmic Inheritance– Four O clock plant (Mirablis jalaba) was reported by Correns in 1909
    390. 1st stable product in Calvin Cycle is PGA
    391. 1st & common stage in respiration is called as Glycolysis or EMP pathway
    392. 1st step of summarizing data is classification
    393. 1st central moment is always Zero
    394. 1st used the term Regression by Francis Galton
    395. 1st Chi-square test was used by Karl Pearson (1900)
    396. 1st In vitro fertilized Buffalo calf is Pratham
    397. 1st year canes of blackberry is called as primocanes
    398. 1st formal citrus breeding programme was started by USDA in Florida in 1893
    399. 1st Indication regarding the presence of citrus in china by the book ‘Tribute of Yu’
    400. 1st description of Citron with the name of ‘Kuo han’
    401. 1st Citrus fruit known to Europeans is Citron 1st literacy mention of lemon as well as sour orange in Arabian language is ‘The Book of Nabatian Agricuture’

Compiled by Rakesh Jangid, Panchaal B. and Omkar Warang (Horticulture)

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