JSSC Block Agricultural Officer Syllabus

JSSC Block Agricultural Officer Recruitment

JSSC Block Agricultural Officer (BAO) 2024 exam is a competitive exam conducted by the Jharkhand Staff Selection Commission for the selection of candidates for the post of Block Agricultural Officer Recruitment 2024 in the state of Jharkhand. The exam tests candidates on their knowledge and understanding of agriculture and related subjects. Successful candidates are then appointed as Block Agricultural Officers in the Jharkhand state government.

JSSC Block Agricultural Officer Syllabus PDF

Ecology and its relevance to man natural resources, their sustainable management, and conservation; Physical and social environment as factors of crop distribution and production: Agro acology: Cropping patterns as indicators an environment. Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops, animal and humans: Climate change international conventions and global
initiatives Greenhouse effect and global warming Advance tools for ecosystem analysis, Remote sensing (RS), and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

Cropping patterns in different agro-climatic zones of the country Impact of high-yielding and short-duration Varielles on shifts in cropping patterns Concepts of various cropping and farming systems Organic and precision farming Package of practices for production of important cereals, pulses. oil seeds, fibers, sugar, commercial and fodder crops.

Important features and scope of various types of forestry plantations such as social forestry, agro-forestry, and natural forests. Propagation of forest plants Forest products Agro forestry and value addition Conservation of forest flora and fauna.

Weeds, their characteristics, dissemination, and association with various crops, and their multiplications: cultural, biological, and chemical control of weeds.

Soil Science: Soil physical chemical and biological properties Processes and factors of soil formation. Soils of India Mineral and organic constituents of soils and their role in maintaining soil productivity Essential plant nutrients and other beneficial elements in soils and plants. Principles soil fertility, soil testing and fertilizer recommendations, integrated nutrient management: Biofertilizers Loses of nitrogen in the soil, nitrogen-use efficiency in submerged rice soils, nitrogen fixation in soils Efficient phosphorus and potassium use Problem soils and their reclamation. Soil factors affecting greenhouse gas emission.

Soil conversation, integrated watershed: management Soil erosion and its management Dry land agriculture and its problems Technology for stabilizing agricultural production in rainfed areas.

Water-use efficiency in relation to crop production, criteria for scheduling irrigation, ways, and means of reducing run-off losses of irrigation, water, Rainwater harvesting, Drip, and sprinkler irrigation. Drainage of waterlogged soils, quality of irrigation water, the effect of industrial effluents on soil, and water pollution. Irrigation projects in India.

Farm management- scope: importance and characteristics, farm planning. Optimum resource use and budgeting. Economics of different types of farming systems. Marketing management strategies for development, and market intelligence. Price fluctuations, and their cost; the role of cooperatives in the agricultural economy; types and systems of farming, and factors affecting them. Agriculture prize policy. Crop Insurance.

Agricultural extension- its importance and role, methods of evaluating of extension programs, socio-economic survey, and status of large, small marginal Farmers & landless agricultural laborers. Training programs for extension workers. Role of Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) in the dissemination of agricultural technologies. Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) and self-help group approach rural development.

Cytology: Cell structure, function, and cell cycle. Synthesis structure and function of genetic material. Laws of heredity. Chromosoma aberrations, linkage and cross-over, and their significance in recombination breeding. Polyplus, euploids, and aneuploids. Mutations- and their role in crop improvement. Heritability, sterility and incompatibility, classification, and their application in crop improvement. Cytoplasmic inheritance, sex-linked, sex-influenced and sex-limited characters.

Genetics and Plant Breeding: History of plant breeding Mode of reproduction, selfing, and crossing techniques. Origin: evolution and domestication of crop plants, the center of origin, the law of Homologous series, crop genetic resources-conservation and utilization. Application of the principle of plant breeding. improvement of crop plants. Molecular markers and their application in plant improvement. Pure-life selection: pedigree, mass, and recurrent selections, combining ability, its significance in plant breeding. Heterosis and its exploitation. Somatic hybridization Breeding for disease and pest resistance. Role of inter-specific and inter-generic hybridization. Role of genetic engineering and biotechnology in crop improvement. Genetically modified crop plants.

Seed Technology: Seed production and processing technologies. Seed certification, seed testing, and storage. DNA finger printing and seed registration. Role of public and private sectors in seed production and marketing. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) issues, WTO issues, and their impact on agriculture.

Plant Physiology: Principles of Plant Physiologies with reference to plant nutrition, absorption, translocation, and metabolism of nutrients. Soil-water-plant relationship.

Enzymes and plant pigments; photosynthesis- modern concept and factors affecting the process, aerobic and anaerobic respiration; C3, C4, and CAM mechanisms. Carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism. Growth and development; photoperiodism and vernalization. Plant growth substances and their role in crop production. Physiology of seed development and germination;
dormancy. Stress physiology drought, salt, and water stress.

Horticulture: Major fruits, plantation crops, vegetables, spices, and flower crops. Package of practices of major, horticultural crops. Protected cultivation and high-tech Horticulture Post-harvest technology and value addition of fruits and vegetables. Landscaping and commercial floriculture. Medicinal and aromatic plants. Role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition.

Plant Pathology and Entomology: Diagnosis of pests and diseases of field crops, vegetables, orchards, and plantation crops and their economic importance. Classification of pests and diseases and their management. Integrated pest and disease management. Storage pests and their management. Biological control of pests and diseases. Epidemiology and forecasting of major crop pests and diseases. Plant quarantine measures. Pesticides-their formulation and modes of action.

Food production and consumption trends in India. Food security and growing population vision-2025, Reasons for grain surplus. National and international food policies. Production procurement distribution constraints. Availability of food grain; per capita expenditure on food. Trends in poverty. Public Distribution System and Below Poverty Line population, Targeted Public Distribution System (PDS), policy implementation in a contest to globalization, Processing constraints. Relation of food production to National Dietary Guidelines and food consumption Pattern. Food-based dietary approaches to eliminate hunger. Nutrient deficiency Micronutrient deficiencies. Protein-energy malnutrition or Protein Calorie Malnutrition (PEM or PCM), Micro nutrient deficiency, and HRD in the context of the work capacity of women and children. Food grain productivity and food security.

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