BPSC Block Agriculture Officer Syllabus 2024

BPSC Block Agriculture Officer

BPSC BAO Recruitment 2024: The Bihar Agriculture Department Service issued the Bihar Block Agriculture Officer Recruitment 2024 for 1051 positions on January 10, 2024. The Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) conducts the Bihar Block Agriculture Officer 2024 exam.

Interested candidates can apply online for the BPSC BAO Recruitment 2024 between January 15th and January 28th, 2024, utilizing the direct apply online link provided in this post. Get all the relevant information about the BPSC BAO Recruitment 2024, including the notification PDF, exam pattern, vacancy, and more.

BPSC Agriculture Officer Recruitment 2024

The Agriculture Department, Bihar, Patna, will recruit 1051 Sub-Divisional Agriculture Officer/Deputy Project Director (Agronomy), Assistant Director (Crops), Assistant Director (Plant Protection), Assistant Director (Agricultural Engineering), and Block Agriculture Officers through BPSC.

On January 10, 2024, the Bihar Agriculture Department Service released the notification for the BPSC Agriculture Officer Recruitment 2024, which comprised 1051 posts.

Bihar Block Agriculture Officer Syllabus

BPSC BAO Syllabus Paper – I

Meaning and scope of Agronomy, National and International Agricultural Research Institutes of India, Agro-climatic zones of India and Bihar, Weather and climate, micro- climate, weather elements, Formation and classification of clouds, Basics of weather forecasting. Dry land agriculture. Area, production and productivity of major crops in India and Bihar. Tillage, crops stand establishment, Planting geometry and its effect on growth and yields of cropping systems, harvesting, Classification of crops. Concept of multiple cropping. multistoried, relay and inter- cropping and their importance in relation to food production. Basic elements of crop production, Factors affecting crop production. Irrigation, definition and objectives, water resources and irrigation development in India and Bihar, Soil plant water relationships. Definition, principles and components of organic farming. Sustainable agriculture: Introduction, definition, goal and current concepts, factors affecting ecological balance and ameliorative measures; Land degradation and conservation of natural resources, Definition, principles and components of farming system.

Application of Remote Sensing, GPS and GIS techniques in agriculture, Pedological and Edaphological concepts, Earth Crust, Composition and weathering of rocks and minerals factors and processes of soil formation, Type of soil, production importance and their management. Concept of soil quality and soil health- physical, chemical and biological indicator of soil quality. Movement of soil water. Soil health assessment techniques. Soil as a source of plant nutrients. Criteria of nutrients essentiality and their function, forms of nutrient in soil. Mechanism of nutrient transport to plants and factor affecting nutrient availability to plant. Acidic, calcareous and salt affected soils: their characteristics, nutrient availabilities and reclamation (Mechanical, chemical and biological methods). Fertilizer and insecticides and their effect on soil, Indian standards for water quality, use of saline water in agriculture, Different approaches of soil fertility evaluation.

Indian history of Plant Breeding, major objectives and achievements of plant breeding in India, Centre of diversity and its importance in crop Improvement. Nature of Pollination of crops, parthenocarpy in plants. Germplasm conservation and its utilization, concept of gene and gene pool. Hybridization & methods of handling segregating generations. Mass selection, back cross method, recurrent selection. Crop ideotype-concept and importance. Male sterility and self incompatibility- mechanism and their utilization in crop improvement. Pure line, Synthetic and composite variety and their development, Hybrid production and importance in different crop plants. Wide hybridization and constrains related to it. Mutation and types of mutagens. Quantitative and qualitative characters. Components of genetic variation, correlation and regression. Cell division-mitosis and meiosis. Mendel’s laws of inheritance and their exceptions, linkage and crossing over. Polyploidy and its importance in crop breeding. Tot potency in plant, meristem culture, anther culture. Transgenic- achievements and future prospects. Plant breeder’s rights and regulation for plant variety protection. Basic principles of seed production, kinds of seed and Indian seed Act 1966.

Economic importance of insects, General morphology and anatomy of insect, Classification of insects, Apiculture, sericulture and lac culture, Important insect and non- insect pests of important field crops, vegetables, orchard and plantation crops and their management. Storage pests and their management. Integrated pest management. Biological control of pests. Plant quarantine measures. Different categories of pesticides, their formulation and modes of action. Insect toxicology and concept of LD50/LC50 MRL and waiting period, Recent techniques of pest management. Plant protection equipment’s and its application in pest management. Insecticide act, 1968 & puts, 1971.

Introduction, important plant pathogenic organisms, fungi, bacteria, fastidious vesicular bacteria, phytoplasmas, Spiro plasmas, viruses, viroids, algae, Protozoa and phanerogamic parasites with examples of diseases caused by them. Prokaryotes: classification of prokaryotes according to Bergey’s Manual of systematic Bacteriology. General characters, reproduction and classification of fungi. Definition and objectives of Plant Pathology. Survival and Dispersal of Plant Pathogens. Plant disease epidemiology. General principles of plant diseases management. Integrated plant disease management (IDM). Economic importance, symptoms, cause, epidemiology and disease cycle and important diseases of important field crops, vegetables, Horticultural crops and their management. General characteristics of plant pathogenic nematodes its morphology and biology. Classification of nematodes up to family level with emphasis.Generalsymptoms caused by nematodes and their management.

Public Finance-Meaning, Principle, Sources, Direct Tax, Indirect Tax. Nationalized and Commercial Banking System, Agricultural Credit, Agricultural Co-operative Structure and Function. Agricultural Marketing – Definition, classification, marketable surplus & marketed surplus, Marketing Channel, Price-Spread, Market Structure. Agricultural Price Policy. FCI, SWC, CWC, APMC, State Trading, Production Economics – Classical Production Function. Relationships between output & input. Agri.Business Management, Product Life Cycle, Marketing mix, Capital Management, Balance Sheet, project loss statement, Project Life Cycle.

Definition and importance of horticulture, Classification of horticulture. Area and production of different fruit vegetables and flower crops planting systems, high density planting, planning and establishment of new orchard. Propagation methods and use of growth regulators in horticultural crops. Package of practices of important fruits, vegetables and ornamental crops. Maturity indices, harvesting and postharvest handling of fruits and vegetables. Pre harvest factors affecting quality on postharvest shelf life of fruits and vegetables. Principles of preservation by heat, low temperature, chemicals and fermentation. Preparation of jams, jellies, preserves, pickles, ketchup, sauce.

Agricultural extension, its importance, Extension teaching methods, Etawah Pilot Project, Community Development Programme. Panchayati Raj System, High Yielding Variety Programme, National Demonstration Programme. Krishi Vigyan Kendra, ATMA. Institutional Village Linkage Programme (IVLP), IRDP. Demonstrations. Leadership. Attitude. Knowledge. Skill, Training. Communication skill, Local leaders, Adoption and Diffusion. Innovations and their characteristics, Kisan Call Centers. Entrepreneurship in Agriculture. SWOT analysis.

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BPSC BAO Syllabus Paper – II

Origin, geographic distribution, economic importance, soil and climatic requirement, varieties, cultural practices and yield of crops – Cereals: rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet, minor millets, wheat, barley; Pulses: pigeon pea, mungbean, urdbean, chickpea, lentil, peas, bean; Oilseeds: ground nut, sesame, soybean, rapeseed and mustard, sunflower, safflower and linseed; Sugar crops: sugarcane and Sugar beet; Fibre crops- cotton, jute and sunhemp, Medicinal and aromataic crops: mentha, lemon grass, citronella, palma rose, isabgol and posta; Commercial crops: potato and tobacco; Forage crops: sorghum, maize, cowpea, cluster bean, napier, berseem, Lucerne and oat. Calculation of seed rate, fertilizers, weedicide and yield estimation. Preparation of cropping scheme for irrigated and dry land situations.

Methods of soil moisture estimation, crop water requirement, Scheduling of irrigation, Methods of irrigation, surface, sprinkler and drip irrigation, Irrigation efficiency and water use and efficiency, Conjunctive use of water, Irrigation water quality and its management, Water management of important field crops. Agricultural drainage.

Organic farming; Introduction, concept, relevance in present context; Organic production requirement; Biological intensive nutrient management, recycling of organic residues, bio-fertilizers; Soil improvement and amendments; Integrated diseases and pest management; Quality considerations, certification, labeling and accreditation processors, marketing, exports.

Definition, Principles and components of Farming System:, Useful IFS modules for lowland, upland and dry land situations, Principles of integration of different enterprises for the preparation of farming system modules. Utilization of wasteland through farming system. Maintenance of records of IFS modules and evaluation of IFS modules against existing farming system.

Weeds, their characteristics, harmful and beneficial effects, classification, multiplication and dissemination, crop- weed competition, physical, cultural, chemical and biological control of weeds, integrated weed management; Herbicide classification, formulations, methods of application, weed management in major field and horticultural crops. Aquatic and problematic weeds and their control.

Fertilizers and manures, types, application methods, nutrient use efficiency and integrated nutrient management (INM). Factors influencing nutrient -use efficiency. Bio- fertilizers and their advantage. Preparation of organic manures, vermi compost, FYM, green manuring, Measures to overcome deficiencies and toxicities of nutrient.

Types and systems of farming. Farm planning and budgeting. Risk and Uncertainty. Principles of production and costs. Cost of cultivation, net returns, Farm records, Balance sheet, Profit-loss analysis.

Agriculture journalism, meaning, definition, scope and importance. Capacity building of extension personal, programme-planning, meaning, definition, steps, principles, monitoring, evaluation of Extension programme, Social group, meaning, definition, classification, role of social group in agriculture extension, teaching, learning process.

BPSC BAO Recruitment 2024 Eligibility

A bachelor’s or master’s degree in agricultural science from a recognized university or institution is required to apply for the Bihar Block Agriculture Officer Recruitment 2024.

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