Hybrid Varieties of Mango
Mango is a popular tropical fruit crop known for their sweet, juicy flesh and distinctive flavor. It belongs to the family of Anacardiaceae and native to Indo Burma Region, India is the largest producer of mango in the world. Mango is considered as the King of Fruits in India. Mango is grown in many tropical and subtropical countries around the world. Here we mentioned the Hybrid Verities of Mango.
Mango have thousand of varieties which is cultivated around the world and known for their different characters and flavor.
Here we mentioned the important hybrid varieties of mango with their parents and characteristics.
Hybrid Varieties of Mango
Hybrid varieties of mango are developed by the crossing between two or more different varieties of mangoes. Here are the hybrid varieties of mango:
1. Mallika: This hybrid is cross between the Neelum and Dasheri. It is developed by the R.N. Singh ai IARI New Delhi in 1971. Tree is moderate, semi-robust to vigorous, fairly spreading, and bears moderately and consistently. It is ideal for both table and canning use. Maturity occurs during the third and fourth weeks of July.
2. Amrapali: This hybrid is cross between the Dasheri and Neelum. Small, dwarf, and medium spreading trees that are ideal for dense planting. Fruit is small to medium in size (130 g), ovate-oblong, with an indistinct beak and a minor sinus; the peel is thick, light greenish apricot yellow, and somewhat fibrous; the flesh is firm, deep orange red, and fiberless. It is suitable for kitchen gardening.
3. Ratna: This hybrid is cross between the Neelum and Alphonso. This variety was released in 1981 at FRS, Vengurla. In North India, a dwarf tree with weak and spreading branches. The newly developed leaves are dark crimson and small to medium in size; they bear on a regular basis. Medium to large (315 g) fruits, deep yellow peel, 79% pulp recovery, and orange. The TSS is 23.8° Brix, the acidity is 0.25%, and the fruit flavour is delicious. It is free from spongy tissue.
4. Sindhu: This hybrid is cross between the Ratna and Alphonso. First seedless variety of mango, released in 1992 at FRS, Vengurla. Semi-vigorous tree, regular bearer, medium (215 g) fruit, appealing; peel red, pulp deep orange, pulp to stone ratio high (26:1), fibreless, devoid of spongy tissue. TSS above 22° Brix and modest acidity (0.25%).
5. Pusa Arunima: This hybrid is cross between the Amrapali and Sensation. Regular bearer, semi-vigorous, and well-suited to close planting. ideal for both home and foreign markets. After ripening, it has a long shelf life at room temperature.
6. Pusa Shreshth: This hybrid is cross between the Amrapali and Sensation. Plant medium, semi-dwarf, regular, and moderate insect tolerance.
7. Pusa Peetamber: This hybrid verities of mango is cross between the Amrapali and Lal Sundari. Plants with short stature and lanceolate leaves are semi-vigorous and can be planted at a 6 m × 6 m spacing.
8. Pusa Lalima: This hybrid verities of mango is cross between the Dushehari and Sensation. Plants are medium-sized, with lanceolate leaves and a semi-vigorous growth habit, and can be planted at a 6 m x 6 m spacing.
9. Arka Anmol: This Hybrid Verities of Mango is cross between the Alphonso and Janardhan Pasand. It was released from the IIHR, Bangalore. Fruit weight is 250 g with uniform, peel yellow, pulp orange, keeping quality is outstanding, this cultivar is free of spongy tissue disorder and suitable for export.
10. Arka Aruna: This hybrid is cross between the Banganpalli and Alphonso. It is a dwarf variety, regular and precocious bearer. it is late maturing variety.
11. Arka Neelkiran: This hybrid is cross between the Alphonso and Neelum.
12. Arka Puneet: This hybrid is cross between the Alphonso and Banganpalli.
13. Ambika: This hybrid is cross between the Amrapali and Janardan Pasand. It was released from the CISH, Lucknow.
14. Manjeera: This hybrid is cross between the Rumani and Neelum.
15. Sonpari: This hybrid is cross between the Alphonso and Baneshan. It was released from the NAU, Gujarat.
Hybrid varieties of mango are developed by cross between famous varieties and species to develop improved varieties of mango. Which should have excellent quality, resistant to diseases and pests, drought resistant, have higher production so that the income of farmers can be increased.
Hello, I am Sonu Verma, M.Sc. (Horti.) Agriculture content writer, and an enthusiast who loves to share knowledge. No Culture Without Agriculture.