Animal Science Terminologies – AgriBooks
Animal Science Important Terminologies
1. Species: a group of individuals which have certain common characteristics that distinguish them from other group of individuals.
2. Sire: the male parent of the calf.
3. Dam: female parent of the calf.
4. Calf: young one of cattle or buffalo below the age of six months is called calf.
5. Heifer: the younger female of cattle above age of six months to first calving.
6. Cow: the adult female of cattle from the date of first calving is called cow.
7. Bull: it is uncastrated of cattle used for breeding or covering the cows.
8. Bullock: it is the castrated male of cattle used for work.
9. Conception: the successful union of male and female gametes & implantation of zygote is known as conception.
10. Gestation: it is the condition of female when developing foetus present in the uterus.
11. Gestation period: the period from the date of service (actual conception) to the date of parturition is termed as parturition period or pregnancy period.
12. Parturition: the act of giving birth to young one is called parturition.
13. Lactation period: the period after parturition in which the animal produces milk.
14. Drying off: it is the process of drying a lactating but pregnant cow dry.
15. Dry period: the period after lactation in which the animal does not produce milk.
16. Prepotency: the ability of certain individuals to stamp or impress their characters upon their offspring or prepotency is the ability to transmit characteristics to offspring to a marked degree.
17. Fertility: ability of an animal to produce large number of living young.
18. Fecundity: it is the potential capacity of the female to produce functional ova regards of what happens to them after they are produced.
19. Sterility: inability to produce any offspring.
20. Buller: cow always in estrus condition.
21. Teaser: a vasectomized (castrated) bull used to detect the heat or estrus of female (cow).
22. Veal: the meat of calf below the age of 3 months.
23. Beef: the meat of- cattle past calf stage.
24. Prolificacy: ability to produce large number of off springs. The animal is said to be prolific.
25. Docking: to remove the whole or part of tail.
26. Dehorning: removal of horn from grown animals.
27. Colostrum: colostrum is the first milk of a dam immediately after parturition.
28. Culling: the process of removing unwanted animals from a population.
29. Free martin: when a female calf is born as a twin to a male calf, a sterile female is known as free martin.
30. Grooming: it is the careful brushing and combing of body hair coat.
31. Mohair: the wool of angora goat is called mohair.
32. Pashmina: the undercoat of Kashmiri goat.
33. Pelt: it is defined as removal of skin from day old lamb after slaughter.
34. Weaning: Weaning is defined as separation of calf from its mother immediately after birth or within two or three days of birth.
35. Oestrus /heat: it is the period of intense sexual desire or sexual excitement experienced by female.
36.. Branding: it is the method of imprinting number or any identification mark on the skin of animal by hot iron, chemical or coolant.
37. Tattooing: it is the process of puncturing desired number or letter on the inside skin of ear with the help of tattoo forceps and then rubbing tattooing ink on the punctures.
38. Tagging: it is method of fixing tag to the ear/neck of the animals.