Fisheries Production Statistics in India 2023

What is Aquaculture

The term aquaculture broadly refers to the cultivation of aquatic organisms in controlled aquatic environments for any commercial, recreational or public purpose. Aquaculture is the breeding, rearing, and harvesting of fish, shellfish, algae, and other organisms in all types of water environments.

Aquaculture is also called “fish farming,” and it involves the natural or controlled cultivation of shellfish, fish, and seaweed in freshwater and marine environments.

What is Fisheries

Fisheries are concerned with only fish or shellfish. They mainly deal with catching, processing, and selling fish. On the other hand, aquaculture is related to the cultivation of both aquatic animals and aquatic plants.

Fisheries Statistics in India

  • Total Fish Production in India: 162.48 Lakh Tonnes
  • Total Marine Fish Production in India: 41.27 Lakh Tonnes
  • Total Inland Fish Production in India: 121.21 Lakh Tonnes
  • Total Quantity of Fisheries Export from India 13,69,264 Tonnes
  • Contribution of Fisheries sector in Indian Economy (GVA):2020-21: Rs. 2,32,620 Crore
  • Contribution of Fisheries sector in Indian Economy:2020-21: 1.1%
  • Contribution of Economy of Fisheries sector in Agriculture:2020-21: 6.72%
  • Value of Fisheries Export from India: Rs. 57,586.48 Crore
  • Per-capita Consumption of Fish in India: 6.31
  • Total Fish landing centres in India: 1547
  • Major Fishing Harbours Commissioned in India: 7
  • Minor Fishing Harbours Commissioned in India: 67
  • Contribution of India to World Fish Production: 8%
  • Annual Growth Rate in Fish Production in India: 10.34%
  • India is third place preluded by China & Indonesia in fish exporter.
  • In 2021-22, the country exported 1.36 million MT of seafood worth US $ 7.76 billion which is all time high export by value. This is an increase of about 30% over previous year
  • India has exported marine products to 123 countries.
  • USA and China are the major importers of Indian seafood.
  • India mainly exports frozen shrimps, fish, cuttlefish, squids, and dried items, live and chilled items.
  • Out of these, frozen shrimp is the major exported marine product contributing to more than 53.18% of the total quantity and about 75.11% of the total export value.
  • In 2021-22, the frozen fish, cuttlefish and squid contributed 6%, 3% and 5% of the total marine products export value respectively.

Fish Consumption in India


Yearly Fish Consumption (Per Capita/Kg.)

Andaman and Nicobar islands

77.84 KG


25.53 KG


19.7 KG


18.88 KG

Fisheries Statistics in India

Facts related to Aquaculture

  • World Tuna Day- 2 May
  • National Fish Farmers Day – 10th July
  • World Fisheries Day – 21st November
  • Koyilandy Harbour in Kerala is the largest harbour in Asia.
  • India first and only licensed fisherwoman- KC Rekha (Kerala)
  • World fish center headquarter is located at Penang, Malaysia
  • All fishes are cold blooded fishes, only moon fish is warm blooded fish.
  • Hiralal Chaudhuri and Dr. Arun Krishnsnan are known as Father of Blue revolution.
  • The Blue Revolution in India was launched during the 7th Five Year Plan (1985-1990) during the sponsorship of the Fish Farmers Development Agency (FFDA) by the Central Government of India.
  • Approximately 61% of fishermen were living Below Poverty line (BPL).

  Aquaculture Institutes in India

Institute Name Location Established in
ICAR – Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi, Kerala 1947
ICAR – Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore, West Bengal 1947
ICAR – Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Kochi, Kerala 1957
ICAR – Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai, Maharashtra 1961
ICAR – National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 1983
ICAR – Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture Bhubaneshwar, Odisha 1987
ICAR – Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture Chennai, Tamil Nadu 1987
ICAR – Directorate of Coldwater Fisheries Research Bhimtal, Uttarakhand 1987
National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) Hyderabad, Telangana 10th July 2006

Source: Fisheries Statistics in India DOF

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