Impact of Globalisation on Indian Agriculture


Globalisation has had a substantial impact on several areas of the Indian economy, including agriculture. This essay investigates the impact of globalisation on Indian agriculture by stating its objectives, defining globalisation, discussing its characteristics, identifying main movers, and emphasizing both positive and negative implications.


The purpose of this essay is to examine how globalisation has impacted Indian agriculture and the repercussions for farmers, the agricultural industry, and the Indian economy as a whole.

What is Globalisation

Globalisation is the process of increasing country integration and interdependence through the exchange of commodities, services, ideas, technology, and culture on a worldwide scale. It entails the reduction of trade and investment obstacles, resulting in a more integrated globe.

Features of Globalisation

  • Reduction of trade barriers so as to permit free flow of goods across national frontiers.
  • Creation of an environment in which free flow of capital can take place among nation states.
  • Creation of environment, permitting free flow of technology.
  • Creation of an environment in which free movement of labour can take place in different countries of the world.

Prime Movers of Globalisation

  1. Government Policies: Globalisation has been aided by initiatives such as liberalisation and economic reform.
  2. Multinational Corporations (MNCs): These firms invest in Indian agriculture, bringing cutting-edge technology and practises with them.
  3. Technology: Communication and transportation advancements have facilitated worldwide agricultural trading.
  4. Global Institutions: Organisations such as the World Trade Organisation (WTO) have an impact on global trade policies.

Positive Impact of Globalisation on Indian Agriculture

1. Increased Exports: Indian agricultural exports such as rice, spices, and cotton have found global markets, increasing farmers’ income.

2. Transfer of Technology: Adoption of modern farming techniques and machinery increases productivity.

3. Farmers have access to a variety of markets, decreasing their reliance on a single product or location.

4. Income Generation: As a result of globalisation, farmers now have more chances to generate more money through value addition and exports.

5. Infrastructure Development: Transportation and logistics infrastructure investments assist agricultural supply chains.

Negative Impact of Globalisation on Indian Agriculture

1. Market Volatility: Global markets can be volatile, resulting in price swings that have an impact on farmer income.

2. Import Dependence: The availability of cheaper imported agricultural items might be detrimental to local farmers.

3. Resource Depletion: As a result of globalisation, intensive farming practises can deplete soil and water resources.

4. Income disparity: Because large-scale farmers and agribusinesses profit more from globalisation, income disparity worsens.

5. Traditional Agricultural Practices: Globalisation has the potential to undermine traditional agricultural practises and expertise.


Indian agriculture has faced both possibilities and challenges as a result of globalisation. While it has provided farmers with access to global markets, sophisticated technology, and increased income, it has also resulted in market volatility, resource depletion, and economic disparity. Effective policies and strategies are required to maximize the benefits of globalisation while limiting its negative implications and assuring Indian agriculture’s sustainability.

Related FAQs

What are the impact of globalization on agriculture?

Globalisation has had a mixed impact on Indian agriculture, resulting in both positive and negative outcomes such as greater production and market access, but also competition, dropping pricing, environmental degradation, and social discontent.

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