ASRB NET Agronomy Syllabus – AgriBooks

ASRB NET Agronomy Syllabus

ASRB NET (Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board National Eligibility Test) in Agronomy is a competitive exam conducted by the Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB) of India for selecting eligible candidates for the position of lecturer/assistant professor in the field of Agronomy. The exam assesses the knowledge of candidates in the field of Agronomy and determines their eligibility for lecturer/assistant professor in the subject.

The ASRB NET in Agronomy is a comprehensive exam that covers topics such as soil science, crop physiology, agroforestry, plant breeding, and seed technology, among others. The exam consists of multiple-choice questions and is held once a year.

ASRB NET in Agronomy is one of the major subjects among candidates. If you are preparing for the ASRB NET Exam, you must consult its syllabus properly. ASRB NET exam syllabus is classified according to 13 different units. you will find on this page syllabus for the ASRB NET Exam.

ASRB NET Agronomy Syllabus

Unit 1: Crop Ecology and Geography

Principles of crop ecology; Ecosystem concept and determinants of productivity of ecosystem; Physiological limits of crop yield and variability about ecological optima; Crop adaptation; Climate shift and its ecological implication; Greenhouse effect; Agro-ecological and agro-climatic regions of India; Geographical distribution of cereals, legumes, oilseeds, vegetables, fodders and forages, commercial crops, condiments and spices, medicinal and aromatic plants; Adverse climatic factors and crop productivity; Photosynthesis, respiration, net assimilation, solar energy conversion efficiency, and relative water content, light intensity, water and CO2 about photosynthetic rates and efficiency; Physiological stress in crops; Remote sensing: Spectral indices and their application in agriculture, crop water stress indices and crop stress detection.

Unit 2: Weed Management

Scope and principles of weed management; Weeds’ classification, biology, ecology, and allelopathy; Crop weed competition, weed threshold; Herbicides classification, formulations, mode of action, selectivity, and resistance; Persistence of herbicides in soils and plants; Application methods and equipment; Biological weed control, bioherbicides: Integrated weed management; Special weeds, parasitic and aquatic weeds, and their management in cropped and non-cropped lands; weed control schedules in field crops, vegetables, and plantation crops; Role of GM crops in weed management.

Unit 3: Soil Fertility and Fertilizer Use

History of soil fertility and fertilizer use; Concept of essentiality of plant nutrients, their critical concentrations in plants, nutrient interactions, diagnostic techniques with special emphasis on emerging deficiencies of secondary and micro-nutrients; Soil fertility and productivity and their indicators; Fertilizer materials including liquid fertilizers, their composition, mineralization, availability, and reaction products in soils; Water solubility of phosphate fertilizers; Slow release fertilizers, nitrification inhibitors and their use for crop production; Principles and methods of fertilizer application; Integrated nutrient management and bio-fertilizers; Agronomic and physiological efficiency and recovery of applied plant nutrients; Criteria for determining fertilizer schedules for cropping systems direct, residual, and cumulative effects; Fertilizer related environmental problems including groundwater pollution; Site-specific nutrient management; Contamination of heavy metals in peri-urban soils and their remediation.

Unit 4: Dryland Agronomy

Concept of dryland farming; dryland farming vs rainfed farming; History, development, significance, and constraints of dryland agriculture in India; Climatic classification and delineation of dryland tracts; Characterization of agro-climatic environments of drylands; Rainfall analysis and length of the growing season; Types of drought, drought syndrome, effect on plant growth, drought resistance, drought avoidance, drought management; Crop Planning including contingency, crop diversification, varieties, cropping systems, conservation cropping and mid-season corrections for aberrant weather conditions; Techniques of moisture conservation in-situ to reduce evapotranspiration, runoff and to increase infiltration; Rainwater harvesting and recycling concept, techniques, and practices; Timelines and precision key factors for timely sowing, precision in seeding, weed control; Fertilizer placement, top dressing and foliar application, aqua-fertigation; Concept and importance of watershed management in dryland areas.

Unit 5: Crop Production in Problem Soils

Problem soils and their distribution in India, acid, saline, waterlogged, and mined – soils; Response of crop to acidity, salinity, sodicity, excess water, and nutrient imbalances; Reclamation of problem soils, the role of amendments and drainage; Crop production techniques in problem soils – crops, varieties, cropping system, and agronomic practices; Effects of water table fluctuation on crop growth; Degraded lands and their rehabilitation.

Unit 6: Crop Production

Crop production techniques for cereals, millets, legumes, oilseeds, fiber crops, sugarcane, tobacco, fodder, and pasture crops including origin, history, distribution, adaptation, climate, soil, season, modern varieties, fertilizer requirements, intercultural operations, water requirement. weed control, quality components, industrial use, economics, and post-harvest technology.

Unit 7: Agricultural Statistics

Frequency distribution, standard error, and deviation, correlation and regression analyses, co-efficient of variation; Tests of significance-t, F, and chi-square (X2); Data transformation and missing plot techniques; Design of experiments and their basic principles, completely randomized, randomized block, split-plot, strip-plot, factorial, and simple confounding designs; Efficiency of designs; Methods of statistical analysis for cropping systems including intercropping; Pooled analysis.

ASRB Agronomy

Unit 8: Sustainable Land Use Systems

Concept of sustainability; Sustainability parameters and indicators; Conservation agriculture; Alternate land use systems; Types, extent, and causes of wasteland; Shifting cultivation; Agroforestry systems; Agricultural and agro-industrial residues and its recycling, safe disposal; Allelopathy and biomass production.

Unit 9: Basics of Soil and Water

Soil and water as vital resources for agricultural production; Occurrence of groundwater, groundwater aquifers, exploration of groundwater; Hydrological cycle; Soil-plant water relationship; Fate of rainwater received at the soil surface, runoff and infiltration reciprocity, factors affecting infiltration, means to enhance infilterability of soil, mechanical and biological means to reduce runoff and soil loss; Water harvesting for crop life-saving irrigations; watershed management; Soil and water conservation; Contingent crop plans and other strategies for aberrant weather conditions; Cropping patterns, alternate land use, and crop diversification in rainfed areas; Analysis of hydrologic data and their use.

Unit 10: Soil-Water Relationship

Soil water relations, water retention by soil, soil moisture characteristics, field capacity, permanent wilting point, plant available water and extractable water; Soil irritability, classifications, factors affecting profile water storage; Determination of soil water content, computation of soil water depletion, soil water potential, and its components, hydraulic head; Movement of soil water saturated and unsaturated water flow; Field water budget, water gains, and water losses from the soil, deep percolation beyond the root zone, capillary rise; Evapotranspiration (ET), the scope for economizing water, measures for reducing direct evaporation from soil and crop canopies; Soil physical properties about plant growth and development; Erodability of soils and their prevention.

Unit 11: Plant Water Relationship

Plant water relations: Concept of plant water potential, cell water relations, plant water potential, and its components; Significance of osmotic adjustment, leaf diffusive resistance, canopy temperature, canopy temperature depression (CTD); Water movement through soil – plant atmosphere systems, uptake, and transport of water by roots; Development of crop water deficit, crop adaptation to water deficit, the morpho-physiological effect of water deficit; Drought tolerance, mechanisms of drought tolerance, potential drought tolerance traits, and their measurements. management and breeding strategies to improve crop productivity under different patterns of drought situations of limited water supplies; Effect of excess water on plant growth and production; Types of droughts, and drought indices.

ASRB Agronomy

Unit 12: Irrigation Water Management

Management of irrigation water; History of irrigation in India; Major irrigation projects in India; Water resources development; Crop water requirements; Concepts of irrigation scheduling, Different approaches of irrigation scheduling; Soil water depletion plant indices and climatic parameters; Concept of critical stages of crop growth in relation to water supplies; Crop modeling, crop coefficients, water production functions; Methods of irrigation viz. surface methods, overhead methods, drip irrigation and air conditioning irrigation, merits and demerits of various methods, design and evaluation of irrigation methods; Measurement of irrigation water, application, and distribution efficiencies; Management of water resources (rain, canal and ground water) for agricultural production; Agronomic considerations in tiledesign and operation of irrigation projects, characteristics of irrigation, and family systems affecting irrigation management; lrrigation legislation; Water quality, conjunctive use of water, irrigation strategies under the different situations of water availability, optimum crop plans, and cropping patterns in canal command areas; Socio-economic aspects of on-farm water management; Irrigation water distribution, Irrigation efficiencies; Design of irrigation canals, design of irrigation structures; Interaction between irrigation and fertilizers.

Unit 13: Management of Problematic Soils and Water

Problem soils and their distribution in India; Salt-affected, acidic, waterlogged soils; Groundwater resources, water quality criteria and use of brackish waters in agriculture; Excess salt and salt tolerant crops; Hydrological imbalances and their corrective measures; Concept of critical water table depths for crop growth; Contribution of the shallow water table to crop water requirements; Management strategies for flood prone areas crop and crop calendar for flood affected areas; Drainage for improving waterlogged soils for crop production; Crop production and alternate use of problematic soils and poor quality water for agricultural and fish production; Amelioration of salt-affected soils.

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